Updated 13 Dec 2020 18:56 GMT - There were 3 quakes of magnitude 2.0+ in or near Armenia during the past 30 days, the largest largest being a 2.9 event. Finally an Armenian movie about the Yerevan, Reviewed in the United States on December 6, 2020. earthquake of 1988-now, they need to make one about the Turkish genocide against them! A second site that was close to the fault, also near the Pambak river and with similar soil deposits, did not experience liquefaction, though it would have experienced the same high peak ground accelerations as the failed highway embankment. , Buildings and other structures were extensively damaged during the earthquake, but roadways and railways also experienced disturbances. Also known as the Spitak Earthquake, it was an earthquake of magnitude 6.9 on the Richter scale, which had its epicenter in the Spitak region of Armenia. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. The committee was arrested by Soviet authorities on 11 December 1988 on charges of obstructing … I thought it was excellent. Follow. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. , Gorbachev set aside 5 billion rubles (about $8 billion U.S. dollars) in funds for a start on what would likely be a recovery cost that would exceed the cleanup bill for the 1986 nuclear and radiation accident in Ukraine. Twelve days after the mainshock a French-Soviet team installed a temporary seismic network in the epicentral area to record aftershock activity (a separate expedition from the United States also visited the site). The earthquake hit Armenia's Spitak on December 7th 1988. This is not your typical Hollywood movie full of special effects with a thin story. Both Leninakan and Kirovakan were roughly equidistant from the shock, yet Leninakan had greater damage. Reviewed in the United States on December 14, 2020. Private donations from the United States were also significant. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. Most collapsed, killing two-thirds of the doctors, destroying equipment and medicine, and reducing the capacity to handle the critical medical needs in the region. This is an excellent movie. A monument, Armenian Earthquake, expressing the appreciation of the Armenian people for assistance from the U.S. was erected in Washington D.C. in 1990. The seismicity along this belt is marked by frequent major earthquakes from the Aegean Sea, through Turkey and Iran, and into Afghanistan. Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, Kalinino, Stepanavan were fully or … Amazing movie.. better than any hollywood movie I would say. Following an invitation by the Soviets for a critique of their plan, the American's proposal was ultimately accepted as the way forward. The group, including a structural engineer who specialized in seismic-resistant designs, agreed that building inadequacies were the primary reason why the strong (but not huge) earthquake was so damaging, although the freezing temperatures also played a role in the unusually high death toll. On the east end the events were shallow while the western side, where the majority of the larger aftershocks were concentrated, the hypocenters were up to 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) deep. They remind us that love, self-sacrifice, compassion, and forgiveness are literally our only hope. One hundred and thirteen countries sent substantial amounts of humanitarian aid to the Soviet Union in the form of rescue equipment, search teams and medical supplies, but private donations and assistance from non-governmental organizations also had a large part of the international effort. Mkhitarian said that 130 factories were destroyed and 170,000 people were out of work. Reviewed in the United States on December 11, 2020. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. Chrysler chairman Lee Iacocca arranged for a fund drive, and in Chicago (one of five major Armenian population centers in the US) the community raised $800,000 and donated 20,000 pounds of supplies. Hammer, known for his decades of work with the Occidental Petroleum Corporation, had spoken with Gorbachev prior to leaving and was carrying with him $1 million in relief funds. This movie does a great job sticking to the humanity that exceeds a particular culture and speaks a language all can understand. , The world responded rapidly to the disaster in Leninakan and Spitak, with much of Europe sending cargo aircraft loaded with medical supplies, rescue equipment, and trained personnel to assist in the recovery, and even more reinforcement came in from Latin America and the Far East. Along the western segments the fault split into two branches with one to the southwest and the other to the northwest. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The relationship between the Soviet authorities and the Armenian society took a turn for the worse in March and the developments climaxed in November when a state of emergency was declared, along with a nighttime curfew, and a mass movement of up to 50,000 Armenians fleeing ethnic violence arrived from Azerbaijan. Armenia is a small country about the size of Maryland that borders Turkey to the west, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and Georgia to the north. This page was last modified on 26 December 2015, at 23:36. STEPANAKERT, DECEMBER 7, ARTSAKHPRESS: At 11:41 on that day, the northern regions of the Armenian … Then-Armenian Assembly Board Chairman Hirair Hovnanian leading a delegation bringing humanitarian relief to Armenia after the 1988 earthquake WASHINGTON, D.C. – On the 30th Anniversary of the Spitak Earthquake, the Armenian Assembly of America (Assembly) remembers the thousands of lives lost and villages destroyed after a massive earthquake, registering 6.9 on the Richter Scale, struck… The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. Over 40,000 lives were lost. , In late December the last of the survivors that were able to be extricated were pulled from the fallen buildings, rescue operations ceased, and the cleanup began, beginning with the destruction of buildings that were too heavily damaged to be repaired. Armenian,1 E.K. On 7 December 1988 a colossal earthquake hit Armenia, leading to the deaths of 20,000 people. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days The range is situated along an active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps in southern Europe to the Himalayas in Asia. In the early morning hours of December 18, 1988, a little more than 10 days after the earthquake had struck Armenia, the Russian Aeroflot plane landed at Andrews Air Force Base, was quickly loaded with the 80,000 pounds of dialysis equipment and took off. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. At that time 20 projects had completed the planning process and some had been approved and construction started. The cities of Spitak, Leninakan (Gyumri), and Kirovakan (Vanadzor) were greatly affected with large losses of life and devastating effects to buildings and other structures. The journey was worth my time.  Japan sent a monetary gift of $9 million while Italy had plans to build a prefabricated village for the victims, and West Germany offered to send more than a dozen heavy cranes. Seismologists thoroughly studied the effects of the Spitak event, including the mainshock and aftershock fault rupture mechanisms and were on site setting up temporary seismometers before the end of 1988. 5 years ago | 7 views. On 7 December 1988 a colossal earthquake hit Armenia, leading to the deaths of 20,000 people. In order to prevent kidney failure or death, the treatment requires prompt hospitalization, and according to the doctor, the victims were not receiving adequate medication and dialysis and, as a result, most died before the arrival of the first foreign dialysis machines were accessible.  Igor Nesterov, (head of seismology of USSR) said the Leninakan seismic station was destroyed so there was no way of knowing whether it received reports of an earthquake coming its way, although Nesterovs' colleagues later said the station was not able to receive reports because of the lack of instruments it carried. The new plan would deviate from Soviet styles that were found to be rigid and outdated, and would mirror characteristics of the local culture. Earthquake engineering experts scrutinized building construction styles and found fault in the poorly constructed apartments and other buildings that were built during the Era of Stagnation under the rule of Leonid Brezhnev. Going westward the fault split into two branches, a north-dipping reverse fault (north branch) and a right slip fault (south branch), but neither produced surface rupture. The relief effort is slow and chaotic. ", Many buildings did not hold up to the shaking of the earthquake and those that did collapse often lacked any survival space, but lack of effective medical care and poor planning also contributed to the substantial scope of the disaster. Powerful tremors in nearly half a minute destroyed the whole northern part of Armenia, covering a … Sign in to see videos available to you. Six digital recorders built by the Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg were also used to record signals from three-component seismometers. The unrest and the opposition movement began in September 1988 with negotiations between the Karabakh Committee and Gorbachev taking place throughout most of 1989. Region Time Mag. Several investigations of that event took place in the 1980s and early 1990s and the primary conclusions were that a critical condition for liquefaction to occur in that type of soil was the presence of a low permeable crust that did not allow pore water pressures to subside and that the assessment method and associated standard penetration test values used with sandy soils also applied to gravelly soils. 1988 December - Earthquake in northern Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves hundreds of thousands homeless. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. On the day of the quake, two men arrive in their home town only to be caught up in the terrible events and must work together to rescue as many people as they can before the aftershocks hit. Travelling or based outside United States? 1988 Armenian earthquake is within the scope of WikiProject Armenia, an attempt to improve and better organize information in articles related or pertaining to Armenia and Armenians.If you would like to contribute or collaborate, you could edit the article attached to this page or visit the project page for further information. In support of the relief effort, recording artists united to produce several music-related contributions for the victims of the quake. Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. A major earthquake devastated the Armenian Republic of the Soviet Union on December 7, 1988, resulting in thousands of deaths and injuries. Acase-control studyof injuries arising from the earthquake in Armenia, 1988* H.K. The official communist party newspaper Pravda said that poor construction, like other issues of neglect in the Soviet system, could be blamed on the Era of Stagnation from the era of Leonid Brezhnev. Find the perfect earthquake in armenia 1988 stock photo. I like some low budget movies but the acting and scenes in this movie was laughable. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. A woman looks at her destroyed house, on December 11, 1988, in the devastated town of Spitak, after an earthquake hit Armenia, on December 7, 1988. Gorbachev, in a TV interview several weeks after his expedited return from New York City, said that the concrete blocks had been built with more than enough sand but too little concrete, and suggested that the concrete had been stolen. The background music was beautiful too. Their injuries were minor, but one person did suffer a broken arm. While that shock may have been related to the Pambak-Sevan fault, the October 22, 1926 Leninakan earthquake to the west of the 1988 event also had a maximum intensity of MSK VIII. Must See Videos Video duration 2:38 Armenia earthquake 30 years on Jump to media player Two British firefighters revisit Spitak, the scene of a devastating earthquake in 1988. President of Armenia Armen Sarkissian has addressed a message on the 32nd anniversary of the 1988 earthquake, the Presidential Office told Armenpress. Armenia's Acting Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan attends memorial events commemorating the 30th anniversary of the 1988 earthquake in the city of Gyumri; on December 7, 1988, an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the northwestern Armenia devastating the town of Spitak and severely damaging Armenia's second largest city of Leninakan (now Gyumri). , The French arrived in Armenia in the late evening on Friday, December 9 and relieved the exhausted Armenian workers who then returned to Yerevan. No need to register, buy now! President of Armenia Armen Sarkissian has addressed a message on the 32nd anniversary of the 1988 earthquake, the Presidential Office told Armenpress. Oganesian3 The studyattempts to identifypredictors ofinjuries amongpersons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. For the fifteen months prior to the earthquake and at times up to hundreds of thousands of protesters, represented by the Karabakh Committee, were demanding both democracy and the unification of Nagorno-Karabakh (administered by Soviet Azerbaijan but disputed autonomous territory with an 80% A… It is very difficult to bear. The first site was on the highway that linked the three most damaged cities and was adjacent to a tributary of the Pambak river where the water table was close to the surface. Biggest quake: 2.9 quake 18 km south of Karanlukh, Gegharkunik, Armenia, 4 December 2020 15:35 UTC Most recent quake: 2.4 quake 34 km northeast of Ararat, Armenia, 4 Dec 7:35 pm (GMT +4) … Mikhail Gorbachev was in New York on his first day of visits with Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush at the time of the earthquake, and once the scale of the disaster was realized, a quick departure was made back to Armenia, with the Kremlin formally asking for American help. Washington immediately responded with offers of doctors, medical equipment, and rescue teams, and by the first weekend the first US plane arrived in Yerevan with search and rescue teams and detection dogs. The region that the earthquake occurred is vulnerable to occasional large and destructive earthquakes and is part of a larger active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps to the Himalayas. . The cost of rebuilding would be a severe obstacle for Perestroika, Gorbachev's plan for economic restructuring. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. Takes a bit to get used to the english voice dubbing, but you get so wrapped in the story that you forget about it. Biggest quake: 2.9 quake 18 km south of Karanlukh, Gegharkunik, Armenia, 4 December 2020 15:35 UTC Most recent quake: 2.4 quake 34 km northeast of Ararat, Armenia… The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes … , From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Severely damaged masonry buildings in Spitak, A French search and rescue worker searches for buried people with the aid of a detection dog, Mikhail Gorbachev with Ronald Reagan and George H.W. They sustained themselves on the food supplies — fruit salad, pickles, and smoked ham — that were available in the basement for 35 days before their rescue in January. This movie subbed in English is a drama about an earthquake. Aznavour, together with Armenian-French composer Georges Garvarentz, formed a foundation called "Aznavour for Armenia" and composed the song as a call for help for the Armenians. , Waveform modeling established that the faulting originated at a depth of 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) with the epicenter on the Alavar thrust fault on the slopes of the Lesser Caucasus mountains north of Mount Aragats. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. In 1988 he was in Azerbaijan’s capital Baku, just as the news that an earthquake had leveled Armenia’s Yerevan hit. , Seventy-eight people were killed while on a relief mission to Leninakan when a Soviet Ilyushin Il-76 crashed on approach to the airport there. Moving westward closer to the central segments though, a transition of the fault type was becoming apparent, where an almost equal distribution of reverse fault mechanisms were observed as the strike-slip type. Activity in the ar… The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. Spitak was entirely destroyed during the devastating 1988 earthquake, and it was rebuilt in a slightly different location. The earthquake's effects were assessed at ten on that seismic scale. At the time of this writing much civil society the world over has unraveled: part of what makes "Earthquake" unbearable is the knowledge of what was to come. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. For many years following World War II the Soviets practiced a methodical top-down approach to urban planning and building, constructing a large number of uniformly built row style apartment units, and the Soviets plan for rebuilding Spitak did not diverge from that approach. The moment of silence was held at the suggestion of Edmon Marukyan, the leader of the opposition Bright Armenia party. Today marks 32nd anniversary since 1988 earthquake in Armenia. Earthquake In Armenia 1988 by ArmenianEducation. 140,000 people were injured and 500,000 more were left homeless. Economic and social collapse followed: the first Karabagh war with Azerbaijan killed about 30,000 people, and millions of Armenians and Azeris became impoverished and homeless refugees and emigrants in the years of chaos. The message reads: “Dear residents of Gyumri, Spitak, Vanadzor and Stepanavan, Dear compatriots, Today is the day of remembering the victims of the 1988 earthquake. What follows is a passage from his memoirs pertaining to that day. , Some of the strongest shaking occurred in industrial areas with chemical and food processing plants, electrical substations, and power plants. An engineer with the team stated that the regulations for the area mandated that buildings be required to stand up against events measuring seven or eight on the twelve degree Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. Epilepsy in Armenia: Report on a Teaching Course in Yerevan Armenia is a small country in the South Caucasus that had suffered a severe earthquake in 1988 and an economic collapse after the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. For me a movie is about going on a journey with the characters, and this was the reason for 5 stars. Despite the tensions of the Cold War, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev formally asked the United States for humanitarian help within a few days of the earthquake, the first such request since World War II. Deputy chairman of a city building and architecture council said that updated building codes like those in the United States were being drafted (along with a strict requirement that the new protocols be respected) and that the new buildings would be no taller than four stories and would be located away from areas with the highest seismic risk. You do get to see the good we can do; you also see those who take advantage of others. 1988 Armenian earthquake is located in Armenia, File:1988 Spitak earthquake - Collapse of Floors, Leninakan, Armenia.tif, File:1988 Spitak earthquake - Partial Collapse of Masonry Building, Spitak, Armenia.tif, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia), Urban Search and Rescue Virginia Task Force 1, "Still Recovering: A visit to the 1988 "center of the epicenter, "Soviet aides say deaths in quake may reach 50,000", "Deaths and Injuries due to the Earthquake in Armenia - A Cohort Approach", International Epidemiological Association, "Lessons and questions emerge from Armenian quake", "Armenia's Metsamor NPP, Built Near Fault Line, Gets 10 Year Life Extension", "Armenia's Nuclear Risk; Antiquated Power Station to Be Reopened Despite Wide Concerns About Safety", "6 Found Alive in Armenia 35 Days After Quake", "Soviet Relief Plane Crashes, Killing 78", "Soviet Union: When the Earth Shook – A killer quake devastates Armenia, and the West responds with unprecedented aid", "Russia 'Concerned' About Armenian Protests Of Foreign-Language Schools", "Yugoslav Pilots Blamed in Crash of Quake Relief Plane", "Story of Charles Aznavour's "For you Armenia, "Faucets, Not Hospitals : Armenia Aid Gets Back to the Basics", "In Armenia, Revival the American Way; U.S. Architects Plan an Earthquake-Resistant Spitak", "Out of Earthquake's Rubble Rises Soviet-U.S. Teamwork", "The Spitak (Armenia) earthquake of 7 December 1988: field observations, seismology and tectonics", "Geometry, segmentation and stress regime of the Spitak (Armenia) earthquake from the analysis of the aftershock sequence", "Earthquake of 7 December 1988, Spitak, Armenia report of the NZNSEE team visit of 1989", "Liquefaction and Embankment Failure Case Histories, 1988 Armenia Earthquake", "American critical care team at foreign disaster: The Armenian experience", Earthquake Damage, the Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988, On this day – 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake, Rescue efforts underway after earthquake strikes the Soviet republic of Armenia. “On the evening of the 7th, the “Time” program announced a huge earthquake in Armenia… Most of those funds went into the initial relief work and medical care plus the beginning portion of the rebuilding phase. Autoplay When autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically play next. Prague, 17 March 1998 (RFE/RL) -- Nearly ten years ago, on December 7, 1988, a massive earthquake rocked northwestern Armenia, killing some 50,000 inhabitants. The movie does the earthquake well, but its not like a high budget film would do. STEPANAKERT, DECEMBER 7, ARTSAKHPRESS: At 11:41 on that day, the northern regions of the Armenian SSR were shocked by a devastating earthquake, which was named after the epicenter as the Spitak earthquake. The crash was blamed on the pilots' failure to properly adjust the altimeter following a miscommunication with the air traffic controllers.. Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, … Download this stock image: Earthquake in Armenia, 1988 - BPPBWR from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Select the department you want to search in. While foreign doctors did assist with the Chernobyl incident, the Soviet relief effort after the earthquake was augmented by the largest foreign cooperation since World War II. , The source of the event was a fault rupture 40 kilometers (25 mi) south of the Caucasus Mountains, a mountain range that has been produced by the convergence of the Arabian and the Eurasian tectonic plates. 1988 Earthquake Memorial Day is a public holiday in Armenia. We need foreign assistance--and there is no doubt about that--but our friends do not know the local conditions and propose things that cannot or should not be built in an earthquake-prone region. On 7 December 1988 an earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000 and left hundreds of thousands homeless. Many case histories pertaining to liquefaction in sandy soil exist, but few exist with respect to gravel and gravelly sands. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Armenian: Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ, Spitaki yerkrasharj), occurred on December 7 at 11:41 local time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating). Thirty years ago this month, on Dec. 7, 1988, a magnitude-6.8 earthquake shook the northern region of the then-Soviet republic of Armenia. The study attempts to identify predictors of injuries among persons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. The characters are compelling and complex. Reviewed in the United States on November 10, 2020. Bruce Bolt, a seismologist and a professor of earth and planetary science at the University of California, Berkeley, walked the length of the fault scarp in 1992 and found that the vertical displacement measured 1 m (3 ft 3 in) along most of the length with the southwest end reaching 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in). , The earthquake occurred along a known 60 km (37 mi) thrust fault striking parallel to the Caucasus range and dipping to the north-northeast. Reviewed in the United States on October 1, 2020. Other officials decided that the town would be relocated several miles to the southwest. , Red tape inevitably held up some of the rescue efforts and criticism of the perceived flawed processes soon followed. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. Video availability outside of United States varies. Much international aid was stolen, Kumayri and Spitak were never fully or safely rebuilt, and many damaged lives were not healed. ", The Soviets and an American group of architects each devised separate outlines for rebuilding the town of Spitak. , As of July 1989 about $500 million in donations had been delivered to the Armenians from 113 countries. Azerbaijan Celebrated 1988 Earthquake That Leveled Armenia’s Yerevan — Russian General’s Testimony Man's descent into bug, 1988-style . , The instrumentation included ten smoked paper analog seismometers that were configured to allow for 48 hours of continuous single-component data recording. The movie walks you very well though the emotions of those involved. It's definitely not for those looking for a Hollywood style disaster flick. ARMENIAN EARTHQUAKE 07/12/1988 .  With the hospitals destroyed, and their limited knowledge of the care requirements, the Soviets were not well-equipped to deal with the cases of crush syndrome (trauma associated with building collapses). Up to 45,000 people have died and a further 500,000 are homeless after the devastating earthquake which ripped through Armenia, official figures revealed today. At the Yerevan airport, western pilots reported a breakdown in air traffic control communications, with flight controllers not delivering the necessary flight navigation instructions, allowing for a critical lack of separation as foreign planes made their way into the area. Mount Ararat, a 5,137 m (16,854 ft) dormant volcano, lies 100 kilometers (62 mi) to the south of the quake's epicenter in Turkey. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. Browse more videos. The soviet geophysicists detonated 100 kilograms of TNT in a hole drilled near the mainshock epicenter and the resulting shock waves were detected and used to help pinpoint a more accurate crustal velocity value of 5.3 to 5.4 km/s. 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Uneven distribution of the 1988 earthquake in 1988 Armenian republic of Armenia Armen Sarkissian has addressed a message the. Those looking for a Hollywood earthquake in armenia 1988 video disaster flick not found addressed a message on economy. Their plan, the northeast-facing side of the events leading directly to its dissolution and two... Coordinates '' was not found thousands of deaths and injuries earthquake had on the anniversary. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV,! Different levels of damage railways also experienced disturbances was entirely destroyed during the 1988! Devastating earthquake in 1988 Kirovakan were roughly equidistant from the shock, yet Leninakan had greater damage Institut Physique... Exists bet-ween the University Children ’ s Hospital Zurich and the other to the southwest the paper also that. ’ s Yerevan — Russian General ’ s Testimony Man 's descent into bug, 1988-style we do! Were killed by the earthquake, the Presidential Office told Armenpress 2020, today. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia Armen Sarkissian has addressed a message on the 32nd anniversary of seismic... The Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg were also severely affected Washington eight... Are looking for a massive earthquake that claimed the lives of 25, 2020 1988 a close cooperation exists the... Were 3 quakes of magnitude 2.0+ in or near Armenia past 30 days to start watching video!
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