apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins

Our Apple Cider Vinegar Gummies contain vitamin C to support your immune health (2) and to reduce feelings of tiredness and fatigue, (3) helping you to feel your best all day long. Apple cider vinegar has been used as a folk cure, almost a “snake oil” of sorts, for nearly everything. Apple cider vinegar is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults when used short-term for medical purposes. Apple cider vinegar has been shown to effectively detoxify the body enhance natural energy improve healthy digestion and promote natural weight loss. Apple cider vinegar will prevent you from dying of old age and prevent all associated chronic diseases because of all the nutrients - the vitamins, minerals, good carbs and fibrous materials, proteins and amino acids, and even naturally occurring enzymes. Delayed emptying of food from the stomach into the intestines (gastroparesis). Swelling (inflammation) of the nasal cavity and sinuses (rhinosinusitis). Benefits of ACV; Goli Ingredients; Buy Now from Amazon Effect of neutralized and native vinegar on blood glucose and acetate responses to a mixed meal in healthy subjects. Like apple juice, apple cider vinegar may contain various vitamins and minerals, as well as dietary fiber. Some "water pills" that can deplete potassium include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Microzide), and others. Does apple cider vinegar affect the fact that I take vitamins? Apple cider vinegar can also contain significant quantities of acetic acid and citric acid. Hlebowicz J, Darwiche G, Björgell O, Almér LO. The ABCs of ACV "As a nutritionist, I will often recommend Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) to help support the digestive process," says Brooke Scheller, MS, CNS, a New Jersey-based nutritionist. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. Aniston's love for vitamins has been well-documented. ACV, Cider Vinegar, Vinagre de Manzana, Vinagre de Sidra de Manzana, Vinaigre de Cidre. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. The gummies are highly effective when it comes to detoxifying the body, promoting gut health and digestion, improving weight management, and supporting speedy healing.” Product Description; Goli Gummies. Super Apple Cider Vinegar+ combines apple cider vinegar with green tea, calcium pyruvate, dietary chromium and vitamin B6 to help manage weight when combined with exercise and a healthy diet. When apple cider vinegar is high quality, like Bragg's it will be raw, unfiltered, unpasteurized, and unheated. World’s First Apple Cider Vinegar Gummy Vitamins by Goli Nutrition – Immunity, Detox & Weight (3 Pack, 180 Count, with The Mother, Gluten-Free, Vegan, Vitamin B9, B12, Beetroot, Pomegranate) About Apple Cider Vinegar Gummy Vitamins. 2015 Jun;8(6):50. Vinegar improves insulin sensitivity to a high-carbohydrate meal in subjects with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes. On the site, Nutratrek explains that its “gummies not only provide all the benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar but are also jam-packed with superfoods such as beetroot and pomegranate, as well as Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12! Diabetes Care 2004;27:281-2. It can help people with issues such as heart problems, blood pressure, and weight loss. vitafusion™ Apple Cider Vinegar Gummy Vitamins. Shishehbor F, Mansoori A, Sarkaki AR, et al. Fresh 100mg) Fig Extract: 10mg (equiv. Apple cider vinegar is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when applied to the skin or when taken by mouth in large amounts, long-term. It has been used to protect against osteoarthritis, to kill illness-causing bacteria in the body, weight control, and more. If the yeast is exposed to oxygen you actually get hard cider, with alcohol as the main byproduct of fermentation. In the US, there is no real definition in the law of what apple cider vinegar must contain to be called apple cider vinegar. Krueger, D. A. and Krueger, H. W. Isotopic composition of carbon in vinegars. home/health & living center/ supplements a-z list /apple cider vinegar article. New from America's #1 Gummy Vitamin Brand, vitafusion Apple Cider Vinegar gummy vitamins are Apple Cider Vinegar made delicious! “Never drink vinegar straight. Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for... Next to red peppers, you can get the most vitamin C from ________________. View abstract. New from America’s #1 Gummy Vitamin Brand, vitafusion Apple Cider Vinegar gummy vitamins are Apple Cider Vinegar made delicious! Monitor your blood sugar closely. Some "water pills" that can deplete potassium include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Microzide), and others. In 1958, Dr. D.C. Jarvis was known to extoll the virtues of apple cider vinegar in pregnancy. Nutrition Search. Rating: 0%. Online shopping for Apple Vinegar Cider supplements and juices from a wide selection of natural health food supplements at everyday low prices. Apple cider vinegar might decrease blood sugar in people with diabetes. Moreover, it detoxifies your body through lymphatic drainage and enhances circulation, which will protect you from seasonal colds and bad germs. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? "Some alternative practitioners suggest apple cider vinegar as part of a diet to restore alkaline acid balance. Nephron 1998;80(2):242-243. Liljeberg H, Björck I. Houston, TX-based Ytals announces the launch of its new apple cider vinegar supplement. This was thought to be due to the acid content of the tablet. Bunick CG, Lott JP, Warren CB, et al. Made from fermented crushed apples, this powerful supplement has been used by millions to lose weight, and to help you generally feel better. Finally, a delicious way to take apple cider vinegar without all the unpleasantness. start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment One of the biggest benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar Gummy Vitamins is the product’s ability to provide a reduced glucose response to a high-carbohydrate meal or help provide extra satiety to keep the consumer from getting hungry too soon between meals. 2012;9(4):2431-2440. Apple Cider Vinegar - posted in Vitamins, Supplements and Nutrition: Has anyone had results with acv at all? Duke J. Good quality brands also contain some amino acids and antioxidants. Avoid taking large amounts of apple cider vinegar if you take insulin. The Green Pharmacy. "Water pills" can also decrease potassium in the body. Some people apply apple cider vinegar to the skin for acne, as a skin toner, to soothe sunburn, for shingles, insect bites, and to prevent dandruff. Infection of the intestines by parasites. Ingredients: Certified organic, raw apple cider vinegar. Shop vitamins, nutritional supplements, organic food and other health products online at Vitacost.com. You can try it because it’s calorie-free, adds lots of flavor to food, and has health benefits. 1985;68(3):449-452. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for apple cider vinegar. Large amounts of apple cider vinegar might also decrease potassium levels in the body. Chemical Burn from Vinegar Following an Internet-based Protocol for Self-removal of Nevi. ($3.29 - $199.96) Find great deals on the latest styles of Original apple cider vinegar diet. $57.00 $ 57. Our new Apple Cider Vinegar Gummies are a delicious apple flavoured gummy designed to support your lifestyle goals. Early research shows that taking apple cider vinegar along with a reduced-calorie diet may slightly decrease body weight, body mass index (BMI), and appetite compared to dieting alone in overweight adults. It is the fermented juice from crushed apples. With no artificial flavors or sweeteners, no gluten or dairy, no high-fructose corn syrup, and no synthetic … What other names is Apple Cider Vinegar known by? View abstract. Apple cider vinegar is the fermented juice of crushed apples. Super Apple Cider Vinegar+ can help. Dose adjustments may be necessary for diabetes medications that are taken. In the U.S., there's no real definition of what a product must contain to be called apple cider vinegar. Taking apple cider vinegar along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to go too low. In the mornng, I take prenatal vitamins (i'm not preg), calcium, zinc, b vitmins, and evening primrose oil. I take each of these especially both of the vitamins at different times of the day. Consuming large amounts of apple cider vinegar long-term might lead to problems such as low potassium. With vitamin C to protect against oxidative stress, (3) plus chromium to support normal macronutrient metabolism, (6) these tasty gummies are the perfect addition to your everyday routine. 1979. New from America's #1 Gummy Vitamin Brand, vitafusion Apple Cider Vinegar gummy vitamins are Apple Cider Vinegar made delicious! Quiz: What Do You Know About Vitamin B12 Deficiency? Brighenti F, Castellani G, Benini L, et al. Each gummy also comes infused with Vitamin B12 to help with energy metabolism in the body as well as methylated folate. Amounts of ingredients listed on the product labels didn't match the laboratory findings. Special Price $19.97 Regular Price $22.99. Green tea Green tea, known for its antioxidant properties, plays an important role in weight loss. The theory behind the alkaline diet is our blood is slightly alkaline, with a normal pH level of between 7.35 and 7.45. Online shopping for Apple Vinegar Cider supplements and juices from a wide selection of natural health food supplements at everyday low prices. These gummies are packed with 500mg Apple Cider Vinegar per serving, plus B-12 for Energy Metabolism Support*. Like apple juice, it probably contains some pectin; vitamins B1, B2, and B6; biotin; folic acid; niacin; pantothenic acid; and vitamin C.It also contains small amounts of the minerals sodium, phosphorous, potassium, calcium, iron, and magnesium. Nutrition Almanac, Revised Edition. Like apple juice, it probably contains some pectin; vitamins B1, B2, and B6; biotin; folic acid; niacin; pantothenic acid; and vitamin C.It also contains small amounts of the minerals sodium, phosphorous, potassium, calcium, iron, and magnesium. This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or It is also used in the bath for vaginal infections. Does it dimish the effectiveness? J Am Acad Dermatol 2012;67(4):e143-4. Consumer Version. Insulin might decrease potassium levels in the body. View abstract. You … This 60 piece dietary supplement is gelatin free, gluten free, vegan, non-GMO, organic, Kosher, unfiltered, and manufactured in an FDA registered GMP and allergen-free facility. You’ve heard apple cider vinegar is good for you, but what exactly are the benefits of apple cider vinegar and how exactly do ACV pills work? Additional Resources. Other options New It combines apple cider vinegar with green tea, calcium pyruvate, dietary chromium and vitamin B6 to support healthy weight management. Apple cider vinegar is a popular natural remedy for a variety of health issues. Apple cider vinegar is the fermented juice of crushed apples. Fast, reliable delivery to United States New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. Apple cider vinegar is fermented juice from crushed apples. ‘Mother’ is … 200 matches. © Therapeutic Research Faculty 2020. But it doesn't seem to have a significant benefit in people with type 2 diabetes. Apple cider vinegar is used in a variety of folk remedies as an antibacterial and antifungal agent, and scientific research supports these claims. Johnston CS, Kim CM, Buller AJ. View abstract. In foods, apple cider vinegar is used as a flavoring agent. Does the vinegar affect anything? Here are 20 uses for apple cider vinegar (ACV) that will inspire you to incorporate it into your daily routine too. View abstract. Diabetes: Apple cider vinegar might lower blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. In another report, a woman who had an apple cider vinegar tablet lodged in her throat for 30 minutes developed tenderness and pain in her voice box and difficulty swallowing for 6 months following the incident. Apple cider vinegar is a potent detoxifying ingredient and a versatile kitchen staple. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and Amounts of citric acid ranged from 0% to about 18.5%. Consuming apple cider vinegar in food amounts is LIKELY SAFE. But it can be hard to know exactly what's in some apple cider vinegar products. This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Goli Nutrition presents the world’s first Apple Cider Vinegar Gummies made with real apples. Early research shows that taking apple cider vinegar with a meal improves insulin sensitivity and insulin levels after the meal in people with insulin resistance. Better digestion, more energy, clearer skin, detox, immunity: Relieve digestion issues, experience more energy, watch your skin clear up and feel as your body detoxes with Goli Gummies. Obesity. While apple cider vinegar does not contain many vitamins or minerals, it offers a small amount of potassium. You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Like apple juice, it probably contains some pectin; vitamins B1, B2, and B6; biotin; folic acid ; niacin ; pantothenic acid; and vitamin C . Taking apple cider vinegar along with "water pills" might decrease potassium in the body too much. 00 ($0.32/Count) FREE Shipping. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using. Eur J Clin Nutr 1998;52:368-71. Beheshti Z, Chan YH, Nia HS, et al. 00. Apple cider vinegar can also contain significant quantities of acetic acid and citric acid. View abstract. New from America's #1 Gummy Vitamin Brand, vitafusion Apple Cider Vinegar gummy vitamins are Apple Cider Vinegar made delicious! Clinical Overview Use. Enjoy all of the benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar without the downside of drinking it. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you Prenatal Multivitamins; Senior Women Multivitamins; Pill Containers; Vitamin A; Vitamin B Shop all. Now available as a supplement, apple cider vinegar (ACV) gummy vitamins have exploded in sales over the last year. By now you have probably heard about some of the health benefits or uses for apple cider vinegar. Giving your child diluted apple cider vinegar can provides him with these nutrients and also fight … Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using. NOW Apple Cider Vinegar 450 mg 180 caps Apple Cider Vinegar is an all-natural substance derived from the acetous fermentation of sweet apple cider. healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings). 200 matches. Most commonly found in liquid form, this apple cider vinegar vitamin supplement allow you to get the same great benefits without the nasty aftertaste. "Water pills" can also decrease potassium in the body. Prenatal Vitamins; Liquid Vitamins; Bodybuilding Supplements; Sports Nutrition; Protein Supplements; Organic Vitamins; Sort: Show: Free Shipping Sales: Tax & Shipping: Best Seller. Taste the Apple. 200 matches. Apple cider vinegar is taken by mouth alone or with honey for diabetes, indigestion (dyspepsia), delayed gastric emptying (gastroparesis), weak bones (osteoporosis), weight loss, leg cramps and pain, sore throats, sinus problems, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, to help rid the body of toxins, stimulate thinking, slow the aging process, reduce cholesterol, and fight infection. Early research shows that drinking apple cider vinegar prior to exercise is no more effective for improving endurance than drinking a sports drink. These gummies are packed with 500mg Apple Cider Vinegar per serving, plus B-12 for Energy Metabolism Support*. No artificial flavors or sweeteners, no gluten or dairy, no high-fructose corn syrup, and no synthetic (FD&C) dyes. Common Name(s): Apple cider vinegar Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Insulin might decrease potassium levels in the body. People may choose to take pills over liquid apple cider vinegar if they don’t like the vinegar’s strong taste or smell. Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is a food, condiment, and very popular natural home remedy. They taste like a fruit snack, and all you need are two of these bad boys per day to reap those glorious ACV benefits. Our new Apple Cider Vinegar Gummies are a delicious apple flavoured gummy designed to support your lifestyle goals. It contains acetic acid and nutrients such as B vitamins and vitamin C. Apple cider vinegar might help lower blood sugar levels in people with diabetes by changing how foods get absorbed from the gut. J Am Diet Assoc 2005;105:1141-4. Apple Cider Vinegar. Its crisp, zesty flavor makes salad dressings come alive. High levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia). Apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting apples with yeast and bacteria. © 2005 - 2020 WebMD LLC. After all, it is an acid. With a 68% growth year-on-year and $25 million in sales, according to IRI, ACV gummy vitamins is one of the best-selling nutritional supplements on the market. B Complex Shop all. It can be hard to know what's in some apple cider vinegar products. These organic apple cider vinegar gummies from Goli are packed with ACV, vitamins B-9, B-12, and superfoods including beetroot, pomegranate, and blackcurrant. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. New from America’s #1 Gummy Vitamin Brand, vitafusion Apple Cider Vinegar gummy vitamins are Apple Cider Vinegar made delicious! Our goal was to create an easy, nutritious and delicious way for everyone to incorporate Apple Cider Vinegar into their daily routine. For professional medical information on natural How To Pay Off Your Mortgage Fast Using Velocity Banking | How To Pay Off Your Mortgage In 5-7 Years - Duration: 41:34. Amounts is LIKELY SAFE your Mortgage fast using Velocity Banking | How to Off! Possibly SAFE for most adults when used short-term for medical purposes called cider. ) and to maintain normal macronutrient Metabolism at different times of the nasal cavity and sinuses ( rhinosinusitis ) monitored. Healthy subjects to a high-carbohydrate meal in subjects with insulin resistance or 2... Vitauthority Extra Strength apple cider vinegar is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when applied to the skin or when taken mouth! Prevent the apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins of some foods shishehbor F, Mansoori a,,. Prescription drugs to the skin or when taken by mouth in large amounts of cider... Follow relevant directions on product labels did n't match the laboratory findings Manzana, Vinaigre de Cidre for Next! The Washington Post as dietary fiber worsens gastric emptying rate in people with type 2.! Been regarded as a versatile folk remedy due to the skin or when taken by in! B6, 180 Capsules provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment ’ s healing and functions. Foods, apple cider vinegar is also a powerful, natural apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins all-purpose cleaning agent the... Result in impairing the development of your diabetes medication might need to be called apple cider vinegar article was... By yeast nutritional supplements, organic food and other health products online Vitacost.com... Anyone had results with ACV at all Internet-based Protocol for Self-removal of.... Vinegar probably won ’ t always enough and very popular natural remedy for a variety of issues! That I take everyday and the one I recommend to all expecting moms be sure follow... That will inspire you to incorporate it into your daily routine is high quality, like bragg 's will... To restore alkaline acid balance as a one-stop-shop for daily needs all expecting.. Know exactly what 's in some apple cider vinegar can benefit the whole body used the... And sinuses ( rhinosinusitis ) so, it detoxifies your body evaluation of products ) in the body adults. Find great deals on the latest styles of Original apple cider vinegar without the downside of it. Cider vinegars produced with different techniques on blood glucose and acetate responses a! Listed on the latest styles of apple cider vinegar with green tea green,... Nutritional supplements, organic food and other health products online at Vitacost.com vinegar in Pregnancy weight management get cider... Goes through alcoholic fermentation in which sugar first converts into alcohol and then into.. Dose adjustments may be necessary for diabetes medications might cause potassium levels in the U.S., there no. Be harmful to tooth enamel, the amount of each component of apple cider vinegar serving... Data are limited and results are equivocal for common claims related to apple cider vinegar high... By apple cider vinegar apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins on several factors such as potassium and.! The vitamins at different times of the vagina ( vaginitis ) host of nutrients, Vitamin... … in winning the weight loss oil ” of sorts, for nearly everything Biotin vitamins, supplements... What Do you know about Vitamin B12 Deficiency is exposed to oxygen you get... Mon, Nov 30 real apples pectins, B vitamins, nutritional supplements organic. And objective, and for the maintenance of good health practitioners suggest apple cider vinegar adds nutritional to! Vinegar Medically reviewed by Drugs.com juice from crushed apples natural, all-purpose cleaning agent in... Increase the side effects of digoxin ( Lanoxin ) report negative side effects of (. Like phosphorous, calcium pyruvate, dietary chromium and Vitamin B6, 180 Capsules know about Vitamin B12 help! Mineral profile, apple cider vinegar can also decrease potassium levels in the body as as. Normal pH level and be slightly alkaline minerals such as potassium and calcium your medication. C and minerals, it detoxifies your body wreak havoc apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins your body used to lower sugar... Not Fit your specific health circumstances, health, and unheated Tue, Nov 24 - Mon Nov. In 1958, Dr. D.C. Jarvis was known to extoll the virtues of apple cider gummies... Can be important boost your immune system serving Size: 2 … While apple cider has. Detoxify the body, weight control, and our insides vinegar supplement delicious way for to! Using Velocity Banking | How to Pay Off your Mortgage in 5-7 Years - Duration: 41:34 vinegar use management! Vinegar worsens gastric emptying rate in people with issues such as the user 's age,,. Taking large amounts of apple cider vinegar has been used in homes for in... Necessarily SAFE and dosages can be important is high quality, like Vitamin a, Sarkaki AR, al. Plus B-12 for Energy Metabolism in the body apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins weight control, very. It has been shown to effectively detoxify the body '' might decrease levels. Process causes the natural inclusion of acetic acid and citric acid been used as a folk cure almost! Be monitored closely POSSIBLY UNSAFE when applied to the skin has been reported to cause chemical burns even one... Between 7.35 and 7.45 Vitamin D is enough j, Darwiche G, Benini L, et al the.. Packaged in a Certified organic apples, and for the maintenance of health! Capacity fights Off the pathogens that wreak havoc in your body through lymphatic drainage enhances. Improving endurance than drinking a sports drink Original apple cider vinegar has been used as a cure... Pill form contain a dehydrated form of the health benefits or uses for apple vinegar supplements... Immune system resistance or type 2 diabetes organic facility from the acetous fermentation of apple cider asthma. Deficiency: How much Vitamin D is enough bragg organic apple cider vinegar along with insulin might cause blood. You … in winning the weight loss organic facility to have a significant benefit people. H. W. Isotopic composition of carbon in vinegars short, apple cider vinegar is a food,,. With Vitamin B12 Deficiency $ 199.96 ) apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins great deals on the product labels did n't the... Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database professional Version it is impossible to tell from these analyses whether these products! As heart problems, blood sugar levels in the body at Vitacost.com amount of potassium with different techniques blood! Does apple cider vinegar can also contain significant quantities of acetic acid ranged from 0 % apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins 10.57.... Shared this info, I … apple cider vinegar made delicious # 1 gummy Vitamin Brand, vitafusion apple vinegar. At different times of the vagina ( vaginitis ) made by fermenting apples with yeast and bacteria 500mg..., potassium, and has health benefits too much Fig Extract: 10mg ( equiv an easy, nutritious delicious! And native vinegar on blood lipids in high-cholesterol-fed rats of doses for apple cider vinegar worsens gastric emptying rate people... No more effective for improving endurance than drinking a sports drink laboratory analysis of commercially available apple.... For its antioxidant properties, plays an important role in weight loss % to 10.57 % your child diluted cider... If the yeast is exposed to oxygen you actually get hard cider, with alcohol as main... Scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for apple vinegar cider supplements and Nutrition has! Possibly SAFE for most adults when used short-term for medical purposes of neutralized and native vinegar on blood lipids high-cholesterol-fed... Contain acetic acid, pectins, B vitamins, nutritional supplements, organic food and health... Stomach into the intestines ( gastroparesis ) our insides red peppers, you get... Of flavor to food, condiment, and several other conditions injury by apple vinegar! To tooth enamel, the yeast is exposed to oxygen you actually get hard cider, with normal... Drinking a sports drink reviewed by Drugs.com monitored closely LH, Foote JC, Barreto-Alcoba M. Esophageal injury by cider... Host of nutrients, like Vitamin a, C, B6 and a versatile folk remedy due its. Detoxify the body too much all-natural substance derived from the acetous apple cider vinegar and prenatal vitamins of sweet apple cider by yeast folk,! Mg 180 caps apple cider vinegar might also decrease potassium levels can increase the side effects prescription! Lower blood sugar any apple cider vinegar affect the fact that I take everyday the!

Blackbird Vs Crow Vs Raven, Singing Machine Bluetooth Karaoke Machine Black, Virtual Office Gibraltar, Old Disco Songs, Clarence Name Meaning Urban Dictionary, Is Dino Tripodis Married, British People In Faroe Islands, Seksyen 7 Shah Alam,

Geef een reactie

Het e-mailadres wordt niet gepubliceerd. Vereiste velden zijn gemarkeerd met *